Lilac kingfisher

In Celebes there is a lot of fauna, however, much of it has been very little studied and very little data is available on its situation. An example of this is the Lilac kingfisher. But you want to know everything about her?

Do they have any other names?

It is known by the scientific name of cyanotis cittura, being the only species of the cittura genus. Only known as the Lilac kingfisher, it is a species of coraciform bird of the Halcyonidae family.

cyanotis cittura

It seems to prefer to live in high altitude areas, where there is a lot of humidity. Apart from Celebes it has also been found on some surrounding islands such as Sangihe, Togian and Ganggai.

What does it look like?

It measures about 28 cm and can weigh up to 400 grams. His appearance is not far from that of the rest of his family, with a short tail and a long beak.

It has a blue stripe running through the eyes, separated from the pool by a white supericiliary list. Its earphone covers are lilac in colour. The lower parts are white, with blue wings, separated by a white line in the back area, which is a brownish shade. Its beak is red and flattened. When flying, you can see that the white underside has a whitish spot at the wrists.

Although the male and female are very similar, they can be distinguished because they have a black eye fringe and the top covers of their wings. The younger specimens are much more like the female than the male, with a duller, browner tone. Its beak is greyish-brown in colour.

Three subspecies have been recognized:

  • Cittura cyanotis cyanotis: This subspecies lives in northern Sulawesi and is characterized by a reddish-brown hue to its brownish-brown back and tail.
  • Cittura cyanotis modesta: It is found in the east and south of Celebes. Not all taxonomists have recognized this subspecies as such. Unlike the nominal one, it has the less rigid headphone covers. Their feathers are lilac in the male, while in the female it is rufus-colored. His throat is reddish lilac.
  • Cittura cyanotis sanghirensis: The subspecies of the Sangihe Islands. It is much larger and has a longer beak than the nominal one. Its upper parts are more reddish and shiny. His forehead and eyeliner are black. The earphone covers as well as the throat and upper chest are lilac.

Any particular details of its behavior?

It is a great hunter, remaining immobile in the branches of the trees until he has detected the prey he is going to hunt. It mainly feeds on insects, which it captures on the fly. However, it can also feed on worms, worms and perhaps lizards.

Their breeding season has not been defined, although it could be May or September, depending on their range. The female will lay at least two eggs, and incubate them for about a month until all the young are born. They will remain in the nest until they are old enough to feed themselves.

Sulawesi Lilac Kingfisher

It is a species that has a restricted and fragmented range. It is rare and there are no records of it in southern Sulawesi. Although their status is that of an “almost threatened species”, there is not much concern about it, despite the fact that the deforestation of the forests in recent years has greatly diminished their habitat.

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